a. Population Composition

  • Age-sex structure
  • Sex ratio
  • Demographic dividend

b. Fertility

  • Trends, patterns and determinants
  • Below replacement level fertility

c. Mortality

  • Trends, patterns and determinants

d. Migration

  • Internal and international
  • Rural-urban migration
  • Foreign labour migration
  • Safe labour migration
  • Female migration
  • Human trafficking
  • Demography of refugee and forced migration
  • Remittance flow
  • Diaspora 

e. Nuptiality

  • Trends, patterns and determinants
  • Process and dynamics of cross-border marriage



  • Aging in Nepal
  • Aging in Asian context
  • Aging in global context
  • Gerontology
  • Impacts of population ageing, age structure and public policy


  • Evaluation of data sources and methods
  • Quality of census and other sources of data including Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS)
  • Methods of improving data quality
  • Demographic models and projection
  • Population information and data in developing countries


a. Population and poverty
b. People centred development practices
c. Social security and safety nets
d. Gender equality

a. Poverty status, issues and challenges
b. Population characteristics and poverty
c. Policy responses

a. Human development in Nepal: status, issues and challenges
b. Population and human development interrelationship
c. Policy responses

a. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights
b. Maternal and child health
c. Access to reproductive health services
d. Family planning
e. Abortion and abortion research
g. Reproductive morbidities
h. Young people’s life course in developing countries
g. Sexual minorities including issues of LGBTI


a. Population and development  indicators
b. Population and environment
c. Population and climate change
d. Population economics

a. Trends, patterns and projection
b. Rural-urban linkages
c. Energy, infrastructure and services
d. Urban governance
e. Land use and housing demands

a. Social composition of population
b. Distribution and changing patterns
c. Social diversity

a. Social exclusion in Nepal
b. Causes and impact of social exclusion
c. Inclusion strategy

a. Trends, patterns and determinants
b. Causes and consequences

a. Causes and consequences of child labour 

a. Risk taking behaviours
b. Substance abuse
c. Involvement in crime

a. Family demography
b. Anthropological demography
c. Business demography
d. Historical demography

a. Qualitative research practices
b. Approaches of qualitative research in population studies

a. New challenges in population and development conflict  and violence
b. Demography of armed conflict

a. National population policy
b. Population policy in South Asia
c. Other regional population policies
d. Global population policies

Other themes that are relevant to population and development but not enlisted here. 

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